Dark Wave is a music genre that emerged from the new wave and post-punk movement of the late 1970s. Dark wave compositions are largely based on minor key tonality and introspective lyrics, and have been perceived as being dark, romantic, and bleak, with an undertone of sorrow.
Common features include the use of chordophones such as electric and acoustic guitar, violin, and piano, as well as electronic instruments such as synthesizer, sampler, and drum machine. The genre embraces a range of styles including cold wave, ethereal wave, gothic rock, neoclassical dark wave, and neofolk.
EBM (Electronic body music) is a genre of electronic music that combines elements of industrial music and synth-punk. It developed in the early 1980s in Germany and Belgium and came to prominence in Belgium at the end of the decade. EBM was generally considered a part of the European new wave and post-punk movement and the first style that blended synthesized sounds with an ecstatic style of dancing (e.g. pogo).
In the second half of the 1980s, a youth-cultural scene emerged from EBM whose followers describe themselves as EBM-heads or (in North America) as rivetheads. EBM is unrelated to Goth, although in some local scenes both subcultures may share the same music clubs and festivals (along with other alternative subcultures such as punk and psychobilly).
Gothic Rock is a musical genre that emerged from post-punk in the late 1970s, inspired by the somber, melancholic and artistic atmosphere of rock.
The genre itself was defined as a separate movement from post-punk. Gothic rock stood out due to its more dark sound, with minor or bass chords, reverbs, dark arrangements or dramatic and melancholic melodies, having inspirations in gothic literature allied with themes such as sadness, existentialism, nihilism, dark romanticism, tragedy, melancholy and morbidity. These themes are often approached in a poetic way.
The sensibilities of the genre led the lyrics to represent the evil of the century and the romantic idealization of death and the supernatural imagination. Gothic rock then gave rise to a broader goth subculture that included clubs, fashion and publications in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.
Dark Wave ou darkwave (prononcé dɑːkˌweɪv) en anglais), est un genre musical issu de la New Wave et du mouvement Post-Punk, apparenté du mouvement gothique, de la fin des années 1970. Construit à partir de simples bases musicales, le Dark Wave contient des paroles sombres et introspectives avec un soupçon de chagrin. Dans les années 1980, les adeptes de dark wave se nomment "wavers" ou "dark wavers".
Le mouvement Gothique est un courant de contre-culture apparu entre la fin des années 1970 et au début des années 1980 au Royaume-Uni, dans le sillage du mouvement musical post-punk.
Il s'est en partie inspiré du cinéma expressionniste allemand, du fantastique et du roman gothique. Le mouvement et son esthétique se sont propagés sous des formes diverses en Europe et aux États-Unis.